"The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he had no confederates who are still at large; and that evidence was such that he would have been convicted at trial."

Assistant Attorney General Nicholas Katenbach to Presidential Assistant Bill Moyers, November 25, 1963.

Government Reports

Warren Report
The Report of the Warren Commission was issued in September 1964, and remains the definitive statement of the lone assassin theory.

Schweiker-Hart Report
The Church Committee conducted a review of the FBI and CIA response to the JFK assassination, including their withholding of information from the Warren Commission.

HSCA Final Report
The House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) was formed in the wake of Watergate and intelligence abuse revelations of the mid-70s, and the public airing of the Zapruder film. It reached a limited conclusion of "probably conspiracy" based in large part on analysis of an audio recording of the shooting sequence.

"Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City"
The HSCA investigated Oswald's purported trip to Mexico City, and compiled a report which questioned the CIA's version of this visit. "Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City" was not published by the HSCA, and was only released to the public (with many redactions) in the mid-1990s.

ARRB Final Report
The Assassination Records Review Board, which oversaw the flood of declassifications in the 1990s, issued this Final Report in 1998. In accordance with its mandate, the ARRB did not attempt to reach any conclusions regarding the assassination per se.

Audio Recordings

LBJ-Hoover call of 11/23/63
The transcript of this call includes Hoover telling Johnson that the "tape and picture" of the man who was down in Mexico City don't match his voice or appearance. This LBJ call itself has been silenced, having apparently been erased. See The Fourteen Minute Gap and The Fourteen Minute Gap: An Update.

LBJ-Alsop call of 11/25/63
In this fascinating call, Washington Post columnist Joe Alsop works over LBJ in an attempt to sign him onto the idea of a President's Commission.

LBJ-Russell call of 11/29/63
LBJ calls his old mentor to inform Russell that he has been named to the President's Commission. At the end of the conversation, LBJ tells Russell the story of how he got Warren to agree to serve.

Important Transcripts

Jack Ruby's Testimony to the Warren Commission
This transcript may read like Kafka, but it is an actual transcript of the one interview the Commission conducted with the man who should have been their prime witness.

Warren Commission Executive Session transcripts
These transcripts provide a fascinating glimpse into the inner workings of the Warren Commission.

Important Documents

Katzenbach Memo
The call to coverup, delivered to Presidential Assistant Bill Moyers on the 25th of November, the day after Oswald was shot and killed.

Warren Commission Document 347
A primary official report about Mexico City sent from the CIA to the Warren Commission. It raised more questions than it answered, and the Commission finally sent a team down to Mexico City in April 1964.

1967 CIA Inspector General's Report.
Long-suppressed and still redacted in parts, this report was created by the CIA to document its plots to assassinate Fidel Castro. The document was created under orders from President Johnson, and finally declassified in the 1990s.

Study Backs Theory of 'Grassy Knoll': New Report Says Second Gunman Fired at Kennedy - "The House Assassinations Committee may have been right after all: There was a shot from the grassy knoll. That was the key finding of the congressional investigation that concluded 22 years ago that President John F. Kennedy's murder in Dallas in 1963 was 'probably ... the result of a conspiracy.'" (Washington Post, 3/26/2001)

Tape: Call on JFK Wasn't Oswald - "Hours after President Kennedy was assassinated, FBI agents reportedly listenened to a tape of a phone call that a man identifying himself as "Lee Oswald" had placed to the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City. They made a startling discovery: The voice on the tape was not Oswald's, government records say." (Associated Press, 11/21/1999)

Archive Photos Not of JFK's Brain, Concludes Aide to Review Board - "... The central contention of the report is that brain photographs in the Kennedy records are not of Kennedy's brain and show much less damage than Kennedy sustained when he was shot in Dallas..." (Washington Post 11/10/1998)

The articles noted above, appearing in the Washington Post and Associated Press over the last few years, are the tip of a huge iceberg which has been surfacing recently, largely unnoticed. In the wake of public furor triggered by the Oliver Stone film JFK, Congress in 1992 passed the JFK Assassination Records Collection Act. From 1993 until the present day, huge numbers of declassified documents, audiotapes of witness interviews and phone calls, and other information on the assassination of President Kennedy have come tumbling out of government archives.

The disturbing and often convoluted stories told in these files has not reached the public at large. This is due in part to the complexity of the stories, a complexity caused by conflicts in testimony and in the written record. The lack of dissemination of these new findings is also due in part to the passage of time—interest in the assassination of President Kennedy has waned over the years.

But journalists' and historians' failure to convey the amazing discoveries in these government records has a third cause—the fact that there is now abundant evidence of coverup taking place at the highest levels of government after the assassination. Furthermore, and even more disturbingly, the best leads to the nature of the murder conspiracy itself point in the direction of U.S. intelligence agencies and the U.S. military.

Of the many revelations in the new records, two areas stand out. The first is the overwhelming evidence of a medical coverup, undertaken to hide evidence of one or more shots from the front of the Presidential limousine (indicating at least two gunmen). The suppressed interviews of autopsy participants during the 1970s Congressional investigation, and new interviews taken in the 1990s, are chock full of detailed accounts which do not square with the official account of the autopsy nor with the "hard" evidence in the case—autopsy photographs and X-rays. It has long been known that some autopsy photographs and other materials, including tissue slides and the brain of the dead President, have long since gone missing. What is new is credible testimony, from multiple witnesses, that there has been tampering with what physical evidence remains.

The second story has to do with the framing of Lee Oswald for the murder, something which has long been alleged by many who follow the case. But the "new news" concerns tapped phone calls, made by a self-identified "Lee Oswald" to the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City. FBI agents, listening to the tapes in the aftermath of the assassination while Oswald was still alive in police custody, determined that the voice on the tapes was not Oswald's. This impersonation, the reports of which were buried by the FBI and CIA immediately after Oswald's murder, has staggering ramifications. The caller referred to a previous meeting with a man named Kostikov, an Embassy official known to be KGB and, more ominously, suspected by the CIA and FBI of being involved in "wet affairs," i.e. sabotage and assassinations. The fear that World War III would break out if the Soviets were behind the assassination was then used by the new President Johnson to put together a coverup, as revealed in taped Presidential phone calls and other memos of the post-assassination week. The secret that it wasn't really Oswald, and thus that the "Soviet connection" was faked, seems to have been very closely held—this guaranteed a coverup.

An introductory essay, entitled Lasting Questions about the Murder of President Kennedy, contains more information about both of these stories.

As important as the documents and testimony which relates directly to the assassination are the new materials on foreign policy during the Kennedy administration. The late 1990s finally saw the release of long-withheld details of Kennedy policy vis-a-vis Vietnam and Cuba, the two hottest spots of the Cold War at that time. Vietnam records now show plans for complete withdrawal being drawn up in 1963. Records on Cuba include both secret war plans as well as new information on the "second track" of accomodation with Castro. In both cases, the new information adds support to those who contend that JFK's murder was carried out by those opposed to his foreign policy initiatives.

This website is devoted to telling the stunning stories which abound in the new assassination records. Another primary goal is to make the most important of these records freely available in electronic form, so that each person can make his or her own judgments regarding this highly contentious matter. It is not a simple matter to arrive at the truth of the Kennedy assassination. The reader is cautioned to be just as skeptical of journalists, historians, and other authorities in this case, as he or she is with the "conspiracy buffs" so derided by these people.

The study of the assassination of President Kennedy is ultimately about much more than the murder of one man. The materials available here, and the much vaster collection at the National Archives, is a window onto the workings of what has sometimes been called the "National Security State." The lessons to be learned may be unsettling. However, it is this author's contention that disturbing truths are preferable to comforting myths.

Rex Bradford
History Matters



The Framing of Oswald
Taped conversations of Lee Harvey Oswald, conversing with Russian agents in Mexico City, were listened to by FBI agents the morning after the JFK assassination. One problem—it wasn't Oswa ld's voice on the tape.

Medical Coverup
Recent depositions of witnesses to the autopsy of President Kennedy challenge the authenticity of the autopsy photos and X-rays. This "bedrock evidence" used to support the lone-gunman theory simply does not match the recollections of the vast majority of trained witnesses, whose testimony points to evidence tampering at high levels of government.

Analysis of the Evidence

Dealey Plaza Witnesses. Stewart Galanor, author of Cover-up, has put together a visual database of 216 Dealey Plaza witnesses and their testimony about the number and direction of shots.


Lessons Learned from 40 Years of Coverup, by Rex Bradford. This videotaped talk and accompanying heavily-footnoted text highlight some of what's been learned over the years about the Kennedy assassination and the societal failure surrounding it..

Lasting Questions about the Murder of President Kennedy, by Rex Bradford. This introductory essay poses some of the enduring questions about the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Deep Politics III, Overview Chapter
Peter Dale Scott's latest writings on the assassination of JFK, and the "deep politics" surrounding it, are being published online here at History Matters. These online chapters contain extensive hyperlinks to referenced source material. This overview chapter contains much new information and analysis by the "dean" of JFK assassination research.

The Assassinations of the 1960s as "Deep Events", by Peter Dale Scott. This essay examines some of the patterns common to the three major assassinations of the 1960s and the attacks of 9/11. A related essay is published in Scott's The War Conspiracy: JFK, 9/11, and the Deep Politics of War.

Echo correlation analysis and the acoustic evidence in the Kennedy assassination revisited, by D.B. Thomas. This PDF-based article is the study noted at the top of the middle column (Study Backs Theory of 'Grassy Knoll' ...), and is hosted on the website of the Forensic Science Society.

Recommended Websites

www.maryferrell.org - The Mary Ferrell Foundation has the largest online archive of JFK assassination records. See also the MFF's JFK assassination homepage.

www.aarclibrary.org - The Assassination Archives and Research Center obtained most of the paper records available electronically on its own website, here at History Matters, and on the MFF website.

www.jfklancer.com - JFKLancer Productions and Publications hosts annual conferences in Dallas.

www.ctka.net - Many Probe magazine articles are hosted on the website of Citizens for Truth in the Kennedy Assassination.

Recommended Books

Cover-up, by Stewart Galanor, Kestrel Books, 1998. An excellent, concise guide to the evidence of conspiracy and coverup. Includes some of the newer material, but is primarily a tightly-presented and well-illustrated argument based on the evidence published by the Warren Commission and HSCA.

Not in Your Lifetime, by Anthony Summers, Marlowe and Company, 1998. An update of the classic work Conspiracy, this book is a deep examination of the mileiu in which Oswald lived and the mysteries unexplained by the lone nut treatment often given him. Includes a new postscript by John Newman.

The Assassinations: Dallas and Beyond, edited by Peter Dale Scott, Paul Hoch, and Russell Stetler, Random House, 1976. This collection of essays from both prominent critics and defenders of the Warren Commission has much of value, and includes discussion of the murders of Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.

History Will Not Absolve Us, by E. Martin Schotz, Kurtz, Ulmer, & DeLucia Book Publishers, 1996. This book of essays includes several early articles by Vincent Salandria, along with others by Fred Cook, Christopher Sharrett, along with the words of John Kennedy and Fidel Castro. This book argues forcefully that the "mystery" of the JFK assassination is due to mass denial of what should be obvious.

Case Closed, by Gerald Posner, Doubleday, 1993. This book has replaced the Warren Report as the "definitive" account of Oswald the lone gunman. Needless to say, this writer does not find Posner's work compelling. However, it is still an important benchmark against which to compare evidence of conspiracy.